Externally controlled behaviour is fragile and leaves children open to coercion. Children used to responding to rewards are more vulnerable and easily led than those who develop a personal sense of responsibility. External control is a short term measure while implementing a policy that seeks to promote stable, internally-controlled behaviour.

Asking children to reflect on their actions and the consequences of choices they make is the behaviour that belongs to citizenship. A school policy for citizenship can then progress in harmony with a more ambitious policy on behaviour. One that extends beyond the needs of the classroom.

1. Aims of a behaviour policy.
2. Summary of citizenship and behaviour guidelines.
3. A model for ‘Active Citizenship as a Behaviour Policy’.
3. Checklist for a ‘Citizenship’ School
4. Aims of Citizenship. Promoting inclusion.

The aims of a behaviour policy should progress naturally in the direction of personal and social responsibility. Policies that remain heavy on external control, however benevolent, are not compatible with the challenge of educating for active citizenship.

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