* Children need to understand that
the words we speak can be written down and read back.
* Just as
children learning to talk need a listener, children learning to read need
a genuine, interested audience.
* They need to understand what we
letters, sounds, words, sentences etc.
* The reading
material must make sense right from the start. Writing, reading and
talking are all ways of communicating. It helps if this is clear to young
readers by sharing enjoyable story books, not isolated words or text with
* Children need to be able to recognise and match
patterns and shapes. They require some concentration and listening
* It is important that the child is motivated to read and
sees purpose and enjoyment in doing so. Studies of very young fluent
readers show that they all had the attention of a supportive (not